The following is the syllabus for Political science – Main Examination – Paper I and Paper II.
POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS – SYLLABUS – PAPER – Iias mains Political science and international relations syllabus
POLITICAL THEORY AND INDIAN POLITICS
Political Theory: Meaning and approaches.
Theories of the State: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy.
Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
(a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
(b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
(a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
(b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grass root movements.
Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women;
National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
Planning and Economic Development: Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalisation and economic reforms.
Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.
POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS – SYLLABUS – PAPER – IIPolitical science coaching for ias mains
COMPARATIVE POLITICAL ANALYSIS AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
Changing International Political Order:
(a) Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
(b) Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements;
(c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
Evolution of the International Economic System: From Bretton woods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance);
Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.
United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
INDIA AND THE WORLD
Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role.
India and South Asia:
(a) Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
(b) South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
(c) India’s “Look East” policy.
(d) Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.
India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.
Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.
Online Classroom SessionsIAS Mains Political science and International Relations Online Coaching
The course comprises of online classroom sessions for a duration of 250
to check the weekly timetable schedule for this course.
Political science Optional Suggested Books for Referenceias mains Political science study material and reference books
The following are the suggested books / references that the students can consult
while preparing for Political science And International Relations – Main Examination – Paper I and Paper
Constitution of India - D.D.Basu
Political Theory - O.P.Gauba
Politics - Heywood
International Relations - Mahendra Kumar
Popularity of Political science as an optional subjectwhy is ias mains Political science ias popular as an Optional subject
The following are the reasons why this subject is popular among students.
With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the subject.
Enough reference material is available.
Though the syllabus is vast, subject is easy to understand.
Suggestions for Preparation of Political science Optional SubjectIAS Mains Political science Preparation Tips
The following are simple preparation tips to score well in the Political science And International Relations – Main Examination – Paper I and Paper II.
You need to be strong in your basics.
Since the syllabus is vast, do not just memorize facts. Make easy reference notes
to brush through the points just before the examination.
Questions in this subject can be tricky, hence be careful while answering.
Write simple and logical answers for the questions asked.
Do not reproduce quotations that you are not absolutely sure of.
Read case studies and current affairs from the popular newspapers and magazines
to be updated about the latest government policies.
Practice questions from previous year question papers and make note of the mistakes
that you constantly make while answering questions.
Answer questions on Indian Adminsitration keeping in mind the basic structure of
the Indian Constitution and Preamble.
Joining the course
Students can register as a regular user for any of the courses offered by Indiancivils
by making the full payment for the course online.
As a regular user, students can
Participate invirtual classroom sessions and directly interact
with the faculty and students during the online coaching classes.
Gain access to the question bank of ALLSUBJECTS
of CSAT (Prelims) .
Gain access to the pre-recorded videos of the registered course
for 18 Months from the date of Registration.
Registered students would receive intimation about the
scheduled virtual classroom sessions on their registered mobile and
email ids. Further, an automated reminder would be
sent to the registered mobile number 10 minutes
before the online session.
Political science for ias, Political science coaching for ias, Political science optional strategy, ias mains Political science syllabus, Political science civil services, upsc Political science paper